Indonesia Trademark Classification

Online trademark registration is applicable. We summarize the goods and services covered in the new updated trademark classification. 

History of Indonesia Trademark Law

Trademark IndonesiaSince independence, Law No. 21 of 1961 on Company Trademarks and Commercial Trademarks (1961 Trademarks Law) was enacted to replace the colonial era legislation. The 1961 Trademarks Law was the first intellectual property legislation in the country aimed at protecting consumers against counterfeit products, Its date of promulgation (11 November 1961) is now marked each year as National
Intellectual Property Day.

On 10 May 1979, Indonesia ratified the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, through Presidential Decree No. 24 of 1979. However, Indonesia entered a number of reservations related to the scope of industrial property, national treatment, patent regulation, industrial design regulation, trademark regulation, special national industrial property services, and disputes between member states.

On 28 August 1992, the DPR enacted Law No. 19 of 1992 on Trademarks to replace the 1961 Trademarks Law. Then, on 15 April 1994, Indonesia agreed to sign the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (“TRIPS Agreement”). Thereafter, with Indonesia now being a World Trade Organization member, the DPR enacted Law No. 15 of 2001 on Trademarks (2001 Trademarks Law) in 2001 so as to being Indonesia’s laws and regulations related to intellectual property into line with the TRIPS Agreement.

Following the enactment of the 2001 Trademarks Law, the number of trademark applications increased significantly. However, not all interests were capable of being accommodated by the legislation, and with the AEC accords requiring the harmonization of the intellectual property regimes of each Asean member state, it became apparent that new trademark (the “2016 Trademarks Law”) legislation would be necessary.

Online Registration is applicable on the new Trademark Law

Trademark IndonesiaIn line with international developments, the 2016 Trademarks Law provides protection to both conventional and non-conventional trademarks, including both visible and non-visible elements. The protection of non-conventional trademarks was first introduced under the Singapore Treaty on Trademarks, which was ratified by over 40 countries, including the Benelux organization for intellectual property. In line with this, the definition of “trademark” under the 2016
Trademarks Law has been broadened to also include non-conventional elements such as two or three-dimensional forms, sounds and holograms, and any combination of such features. While the Directorate General of Intellectual Property (“DGIP”) has typically accepted all visual trademark applications that are relatively easy to compare, a potential challenge for the 2016 Trademarks Law is the provision of effective protection to sounds and holograms, elements that
are still uncommon in Indonesia.

Another significant change under the 2016 Trademarks Law pertains to the trademark registration process, which has now been accelerated. The previous trademark application
process would begin only after the DGIP assessed the completeness of the administrative submissions, which would be followed by a substantive examination by an examiner for a prescribed period of nine months. If the application was not rejected or was not subject to comments by the examiner, the DGIP would then publish the trademark application in the Trademark Gazette, which would be followed by a three-month public review process. If no opposition was filed by a third party within 30 days from the date of expiry of the announcement period, the DGIP would then issue the trademark certificate. In theory, the trademark
registration process took approximately 12-18 months, but in practice it could take more than 24 months due to the huge backlog of applications in the DGIP.

By contrast, under the 2016 Trademarks Law, the trademark registration process begins with the filing of a trademark application with the DGIP. Upon receipt of the application, the DGIP will conduct an administrative examination process. If the application is accepted, it will be published (for potential opposition) in the Official Gazette of Intellectual Property 15 days after the filing date. There then follows a period of two months, known as the announcement period, which is intended to allow third parties to file oppositions. If no opposition is filed by a third party within 30 days of the date of expiry of the announcement period, the trademark application will be further processed through the conducting of a substantive examination by the examiner. This examination should be completed within five months, at the latest. Upon completion of the examination, the DGIP will then issue the trademark certificate.

The 2016 Trademarks Law also allows a trademark application to be submitted online and process through PT Bizindo Asia Global ( You can email to [email protected] or whatsapp to +628156290000. Overall, the trademark registration process under the 2016 Trademarks Law should theoretically take about eight months, although in practice it is almost inevitable that the process will take much longer due to the backlog of applications in the DGIP. 

The 2016 Trademarks Law introduces a new rule on generic trademarks that have been registered with the DGIP’s General Registry. A generic trademark is a trademark that has become the generic reference for and/or association to a particular product or service. Under the previous legislation, a generic trademark owner is the sole owner of such trademark. With the enactment of the 2016 Trademarks Law, any party can register a generic trademark as long as it incorporates additional words as distinguishing features. Such provision eliminates the possibility of dominance of a trademark that may in the future become generically known as the name of a particular product or service.

We provide the interactive table for product or service classification with details in separated pages, please click this link:

Summary of trademark Goods and Services Classification (45 Groups):

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